Frequently Asked Questions about Periodontology

What is Periodontal Disease (PD)?

PD is an infectious disease caused by the bacterial flora found in the mouth. It affects and destroys the tissues that support the teeth (gums, periodontal ligament and bone).

What are the symptoms of PD?

The symptoms of PD are clear to a professional but are sometimes hard for the patient to detect initially.

Inflammation of the gum, bleeding when brushing or flossing, bad breath, receding gums and tooth mobility are a few of the symptoms.
If you or a family member or friend detect any of these signs, do not hesitate to consult a centre specialized in periodontology.

What causes PD and what factors are involved in its development?

The increase of bacterial flora in the mouth, plus a genetic predisposition for the disease cause the appearance of PD.

Other factors such as smoking, incorrect or insufficient oral hygiene, hormonal alterations, systemic illnesses like diabetes, certain medications, and so on can aggravate the problem.

How is PD treated?

PD treatment is performed by odontologists and its purpose is to re-establish the mouth health of the patient.

This means reducing the level of pathogenic bacteria found in the mouth. Using mini-instruments and minimally-invasive techniques, a periodontal disinfection treatment is carried out, eliminating the bacteria that have accumulated under the gums.

In some cases, depending on the type of PD, microsurgery is necessary in certain parts of the mouth, in order to restore the tissues that have been damaged or to allow access to very deep areas.

These microsurgical treatments are performed with latest-generation microscopes and surgical microinstruments, which reduce the aggressiveness of the treatment and possible post-operative discomfort. It is often possible to avoid the use of sutures all together.